Literature Database Entry

altintas2016ivc-tutorial


Onur Altintas and Falko Dressler, "Smart Cities and the Vehicular Cloud: Next Generation Vehicular Networking as a Primary Building Block," Tutorial, IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC 2016), Las Vegas, NV, January 2016.

Abstract

Cities around the world are currently under quick transition towards a low carbon environment, high quality of living, and resource efficient economy. Urban performance depends not only on the city's endowment of hard infrastructure, but also on the availability and quality of knowledge communication and social infrastructure. There is a growing importance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), social and environmental capital in profiling the competitiveness of cities. Information and communication systems play a critical role in building smart cities and sup-porting comprehensive urban informatics. Extensive research is taking place on a wide range of enabling information and communication technologies, including cloud and network infrastructure, wireless and sensing technologies, mobile crowdsourcing, social networking, and big data analytics for smart cities. This brings together citizens and integrates technologies and services such as transportation, broadband communications, buildings, healthcare, and other utilities. Advanced communication and computing techniques can facilitate a participatory approach for achieving integrated solutions and creating novel applications to improve urban life and build a sustainable society. Looking back at the last decade, one can observe enormous progress in the domain of vehicular networking. In this growing community, many ongoing activities focus on the design of communication protocols to support safety applications, intelligent navigation, multi-player gaming and others. Very large projects have been initiated to validate the theoretic work in field tests and protocols are being standardized. With the increasing interest from industry, security and privacy have also become crucial aspects in the stage of protocol design in order to support a smooth and carefully planned roll-out. Researchers from academia and industry recently met at an international Dagstuhl seminar to discuss open research challenges as well as open issues related to market-oriented design. We are now entering an era that might change the game in road traffic management. This is supported by the U.S. federal government announcement in February 2014 that National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) plans to begin working on a regulatory proposal that would require V2V devices in new vehicles in a future year. This NHTSA announcement coincides with the final standardization of higher layer networking protocols in Europe by the ETSI. We will primarily discuss the challenges and opportunities of the connected cars vision in relation to some of the most needed components in modern smart cities: improved road traffic safety combined with reduced travel times and emissions. Using selected application examples including the use of virtual traffic lights, intelligent intersection management, and platooning, we assess the needs on the underlying system components with a particular focus on inter-vehicle communication. We also shed light on the potentials of a vehicular cloud based on parked vehicles as a spatio-temporal network and storage infrastructure. Vehicular networking solutions have been investigated for more than a decade but recent standardization efforts just enable a broad use of this technology to build large scale Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). One of the key questions is whether some pre-deployed infrastructure is needed to enable and to boost vehicular networks. We see many benefits in such infrastructure to store information and to provide connectivity among the vehicles. Yet, in-stead of using Roadside Units (RSUs), we envision to rely on parked vehicles to provide such vehicular cloud services. The tutorial is supported by a textbook on "Vehicular Networking" authored by Falko Dressler that will be published just ahead of the tutorial lecture by Cambridge Press.

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Onur Altintas
Falko Dressler

BibTeX reference

@misc{altintas2016ivc-tutorial,
    author = {Altintas, Onur and Dressler, Falko},
    title = {{Smart Cities and the Vehicular Cloud: Next Generation Vehicular Networking as a Primary Building Block}},
    year = {2016},
    month = {January},
    location = {Las Vegas, NV},
    publisher = {IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC 2016)},
    howpublished = {Tutorial},
   }
   
   

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