Literature Database Entry

hupfauf2013ipfix


Benedikt Hupfauf, "IPFIX Flow Filtering in Vermont," Master's Thesis, Institute of Computer Science, University of Innsbruck, September 2013. (Advisors: Felix Erlacher and Falko Dressler)

Abstract

The IPFIX protocol has become a standard for the exchange of network monitoring data – so called flows – which is crucial to many applications in computer networks, such as billing, traffic engineering, and for security. Especially in high-speed networks, monitoring produces an enormous amount of data, which is hard to process. To reduce the overhead, while maintaining rich and useful information, data is often preselected by the means of filtering and sampling, which most monitoring tools support very well on a packet level, but only rudimentary on a flow level. Our main objective is to address this deficiency, and implement flexible selection of IPFIX flows in the open source monitoring toolkit Vermont. We introduce the ipfixFilter module, which can filter arbitrary flow fields, and also supports sampling. In a number of experiments, we compare its performance (CPU load, memory, packet drops) to filtering at different stages (at packet capture, during aggregation, after aggregation). It is shown, that unlike packet filtering, flow filtering does not increase the performance significantly, because of limitations in the packet capturing process, and the aggregation overhead. To overcome this, we propose an optimization strategy, which tries to extract filter criteria from the flow level, and apply them already on a packet level. It is shown that, given the filter criteria can be extracted, the optimized version performs significantly better than before. We draw the conclusion, that filtering is more effective in early stages of the monitoring process, and should therefore be implemented in the process where packets are capturing.

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Benedikt Hupfauf

BibTeX reference

@phdthesis{hupfauf2013ipfix,
    author = {Hupfauf, Benedikt},
    advisor = {Erlacher, Felix and Dressler, Falko},
    title = {{IPFIX Flow Filtering in Vermont}},
    institution = {Institute of Computer Science},
    year = {2013},
    month = {September},
    school = {University of Innsbruck},
    type = {Master's Thesis},
   }
   
   

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