Literature Database Entry


Muhammad Sohaib Amjad, Claas Tebruegge, Agon Memedi, Stephan Kruse, Christian Kress, Christoph Scheytt and Falko Dressler, "Towards an IEEE 802.11 Compliant System for Outdoor Vehicular Visible Light Communications," IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol. 70 (6), pp. 5749–5761, June 2021.


As a complementary technology to existing Radio Frequency (RF)-based solutions such as Cellular V2X (C-V2X) and Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC), Vehicular VLC (V-VLC) is gaining more attention in the research community as well as in the industry. This paper introduces a complete IEEE 802.11 compliant V-VLC system. The system relies on USRP software defined radios programmed using the GNURadio framework, a typical car headlight plus a custom driver electronics for the high-power car LEDs (sender), and a photodiode (receiver). Building upon our earlier work, we, for the first time, experimentally explore the communication performance in outdoor scenarios, even in broad daylight, and show that rather simple optical modifications help to reduce the ambient noise to enable long distance visible light communication. Our system also supports OFDM with a variety of Modulation and Coding Schemes (MCS) up to 64-QAM and is fully compliant with IEEE 802.11. We performed an extensive series of exper- iments to explore the performance of our system, even using higher order MCSs in daylight. Our results demonstrated a high reliability for distances up to 75m with the presented system, regardless of the time of the day.

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Muhammad Sohaib Amjad
Claas Tebruegge
Agon Memedi
Stephan Kruse
Christian Kress
Christoph Scheytt
Falko Dressler

BibTeX reference

    author = {Amjad, Muhammad Sohaib and Tebruegge, Claas and Memedi, Agon and Kruse, Stephan and Kress, Christian and Scheytt, Christoph and Dressler, Falko},
    doi = {10.1109/TVT.2021.3075301},
    title = {{Towards an IEEE 802.11 Compliant System for Outdoor Vehicular Visible Light Communications}},
    pages = {5749--5761},
    journal = {IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology},
    issn = {1939-9359},
    publisher = {IEEE},
    month = {6},
    number = {6},
    volume = {70},
    year = {2021},

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