Literature Database Entry


Falko Dressler and Frank Kargl, "Towards Security in Nano-communication: Challenges and Opportunities," Elsevier Nano Communication Networks, vol. 3 (3), pp. 151–160, September 2012.


Incredible improvements in the field of nano-technologies have enabled nano-scale machines that promise new solutions for several applications in biomedical, industry and military fields. Some of these applications require or might exploit the potential advantages of communication and hence cooperative behavior of these nano-scale machines to achieve a common and challenging objective that exceeds the capabilities of a single device. Extensions to known wireless communication mechanisms as well as completely novel approaches have been investigated. Examples include RF radio communication in the terahertz band or molecular communication based on transmitter molecules. Yet, one question has not been considered so far and that is nano-communication security, i.e., how we can protect such systems from manipulation by malicious parties? Our objective in this paper is to provide some first insights into this new field and to highlight some of the open research challenges. We start from a discussion of classical security objectives and their relevance in nano-networking. Looking at the well-understood field of sensor networks, we derive requirements and investigate if and how available solutions can be applied to nano-communication. Our main observation is that, especially for molecular communication, existing security and cryptographic solutions might not be applicable. In this context, we coin the new term biochemical cryptography that might open a completely new research direction and lead to significant improvements in the field of molecular communication. We point out similarities with typical network architectures where they exist but also highlight completely new challenges where existing solutions do not apply.

Quick access

Original Version DOI (at publishers web site)
Authors' Version PDF (PDF on this web site)
BibTeX BibTeX


Falko Dressler
Frank Kargl

BibTeX reference

    author = {Dressler, Falko and Kargl, Frank},
    doi = {10.1016/j.nancom.2012.08.001},
    title = {{Towards Security in Nano-communication: Challenges and Opportunities}},
    pages = {151--160},
    journal = {Elsevier Nano Communication Networks},
    issn = {1878-7789},
    publisher = {Elsevier},
    month = {9},
    number = {3},
    volume = {3},
    year = {2012},

Copyright notice

Links to final or draft versions of papers are presented here to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted or distributed for commercial purposes without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have IEEE copyrights: Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

The following applies to all papers listed above that are in submission to IEEE conference/workshop proceedings or journals: This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessible.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have ACM copyrights: ACM COPYRIGHT NOTICE. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or

The following applies to all SpringerLink papers listed above that have Springer Science+Business Media copyrights: The original publication is available at

This page was automatically generated using BibDB and bib2web.