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Sabine Erlinghagen, Bill Lichtensteiger and Jochen Markard, "Smart meter communication standards in Europe - a comparison," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 43, pp. 1249–1262, 2015.


grids, Abstract Smart and smart meters are central for the integration of distributed, renewable electricity generation. For smart grids to operate smoothly, technology standards are essential. In Europe, a multitude of different standards have been developed, making standard selection a complex task for electric utilities. With this paper we make three contributions: firstly, we identify 17 wired and wireless communication standards for smart metering in Europe. Secondly, we develop and technical, describe a comprehensive set of and non-technical criteria for standard selection. Finally, we compare the existing standards against these criteria. We find that none of the standards is superior in all aspects, resulting in major trade-offs for decision makers. Moreover, we reveal the competing nature and missing interoperability of standards, which makes a seamless integration of smart grids across different regions difficult and technologies., poses major challenges for the development of complementary smart grid

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Sabine Erlinghagen
Bill Lichtensteiger
Jochen Markard

BibTeX reference

    author = {Erlinghagen, Sabine and Lichtensteiger, Bill and Markard, Jochen},
    doi = {10.1016/j.rser.2014.11.065},
    title = {{Smart meter communication standards in Europe - a comparison}},
    pages = {1249--1262},
    journal = {Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews},
    issn = {1364-0321},
    publisher = {Elsevier},
    volume = {43},
    year = {2015},

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