Literature Database Entry


Foivos Michclinakis, Hossein Doroud, Abbas Razaghpanah, Andra Lutu, Narseo Vallina-Rodriguez, Phillipa Gill and Joerg Widmer, "The Cloud that Runs the Mobile Internet: A Measurement Study of Mobile Cloud Services," Proceedings of 37th IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2018), Honolulu, HI, April 2018.


Mobile applications outsource their cloud infrastructure deployment and content delivery to cloud computing services and content delivery networks. Studying how these services, which we collectively denote Cloud Service Providers (CSPs), perform over Mobile Network Operators (MNOs) is crucial to understanding some of the performance limitations of today's mobile apps. To that end, we perform the first empirical study of the complex dynamics between applications, MNOs and CSPs. First, we use real mobile app traffic traces that we gathered through a global crowdsourcing campaign to identify the most prevalent CSPs supporting today's mobile Internet. Then, we investigate how well these services interconnect with major European MNOs at a topological level, and measure their performance over European MNO networks through a month-long measurement campaign on the MONROE mobile broadband testbed. We discover that the top 6 most prevalent CSPs are used by 85 % of apps, and observe significant differences in their performance across different MNOs due to the nature of their services, peering relationships with MNOs, and deployment strategies. We also find that CSP performance in MNOs is affected by inflated path length, roaming, and presence of middleboxes, but not influenced by the choice of DNS resolver.

Quick access

Original Version DOI (at publishers web site)
BibTeX BibTeX


Foivos Michclinakis
Hossein Doroud
Abbas Razaghpanah
Andra Lutu
Narseo Vallina-Rodriguez
Phillipa Gill
Joerg Widmer

BibTeX reference

    author = {Michclinakis, Foivos and Doroud, Hossein and Razaghpanah, Abbas and Lutu, Andra and Vallina-Rodriguez, Narseo and Gill, Phillipa and Widmer, Joerg},
    doi = {10.1109/infocom.2018.8485872},
    title = {{The Cloud that Runs the Mobile Internet: A Measurement Study of Mobile Cloud Services}},
    publisher = {IEEE},
    address = {Honolulu, HI},
    booktitle = {37th IEEE Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2018)},
    month = {4},
    year = {2018},

Copyright notice

Links to final or draft versions of papers are presented here to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted or distributed for commercial purposes without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have IEEE copyrights: Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

The following applies to all papers listed above that are in submission to IEEE conference/workshop proceedings or journals: This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessible.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have ACM copyrights: ACM COPYRIGHT NOTICE. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or

The following applies to all SpringerLink papers listed above that have Springer Science+Business Media copyrights: The original publication is available at

This page was automatically generated using BibDB and bib2web.