V2X-HET - Heterogeneous Vehicular Networking


  • Distributed Embedded Systems, Paderborn University
  • Network Research Lab, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)



  • collaboration with University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

Project Time

  • 06/2012 - 12/2017


The use of vehicle-to-x communication, i.e., the exchange of data between cars and with infrastructure, for improving driving safety and efficiency has been on the mind of researchers since decades. A huge number of research projects have since then been undertaken, which tried to make visions of intelligent transportation systems a reality and failed because of technological limitations.

With new technologies and increased computing power, the field of vehicle-to-x communication has recently seen renewed interest. This is reflected in a huge increase in publications and research projects that are becoming increasingly ambitious and more inclusive. The new-found optimism with regard to vehicle-to-x communication research can be seen expressed in the FCC's allocation of a dedicated frequency band of 75 MHz at 5.9 GHz for the sole use of vehicular short-range wireless communication.

While existing applications are predominantly relying on cellular networks, current research on vehicle-to-x communication systems is again focusing on systems employing short range radios. However, such systems inherit a number of challenges from wireless communication (e.g., error rate, interference, and collisions) and ad hoc networking (e.g., multihop routing, unidirectional links, and multi-radio multi-network operation). At the same time, they bring with them new challenges like security-related issues which need to be balanced against privacy concerns, and unique network topology dynamics.

The goal of this project is to research how to unify, and make efficient use of, short range wireless radio communication and cellular communication for vehicular networking.

Selected Publications

  1. Julian Heinovski, Florian Klingler, Falko Dressler and Christoph Sommer, "Performance Comparison of IEEE 802.11p and ARIB STD-T109," Proceedings of 8th IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2016), Columbus, OH, December 2016, pp. 1–8. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  2. Claudia Campolo, Christoph Sommer, Falko Dressler and Antonella Molinaro, "On the Impact of Adjacent Channel Interference in Multi-Channel VANETs," Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC 2016), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, May 2016, pp. 2626–2632. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  3. Michele Segata, Renato Lo Cigno, Hsin-Mu Tsai and Falko Dressler, "On Platooning Control using IEEE 802.11p in Conjunction with Visible Light Communications," Proceedings of 12th IEEE/IFIP Conference on Wireless On demand Network Systems and Services (WONS 2016), Cortina d'Ampezzo, Italy, January 2016, pp. 124–127. [BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  4. Agon Memedi, Florian Hagenauer, Falko Dressler and Christoph Sommer, "Cluster-based Transmit Power Control in Heterogeneous Vehicular Networks," Proceedings of 7th IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2015), Kyoto, Japan, December 2015, pp. 60–63. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  5. Florian Hagenauer, Falko Dressler and Christoph Sommer, "A Simulator for Heterogeneous Vehicular Networks," Proceedings of 6th IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2014), Poster Session, Paderborn, Germany, December 2014, pp. 185–186. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  6. Lung-Chih Tung, Jorge Mena, Mario Gerla and Christoph Sommer, "A Cluster Based Architecture for Intersection Collision Avoidance Using Heterogeneous Networks," Proceedings of 12th IFIP/IEEE Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop (Med-Hoc-Net 2013), Ajaccio, France, June 2013. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]