Literature Database Entry


Jorge Torres Gómez, Jorge Luis González Rios and Falko Dressler, "Electric Circuit Representation of the Human Circulatory System to Estimate the Position of Nanosensors in Vessels," Elsevier Nano Communication Networks, vol. 40, pp. 100499, July 2024.


Nanodevices are the focus of research enhancing the detection and treatment of diseases in the human body. Focusing on the scenario where nanosensors are flowing with the blood in the human circulatory system (HCS), in this work, we investigate a model to predict their distribution along the various vessel segments. Although various approaches report solutions for localizing nanosensors in the body, it is also relevant to derive their stationary distribution along the vessel segments as a prior step to assess their actuation and sensing capabilities in the body. We use a Markov chain formulation to derive the stationary distribution of nanosensors. We evaluate the transition probabilities relying on the representation of vessels with electric circuit components. We implement the electric circuit representation of the left ventricle in the heart and the arteries to find the blood flow at vessel bifurcations and then compute the Markov chain probabilities. Our system also allows to reveal the dynamics of the movement of nanosensors during human activity. We illustrate results in two regimes as low and high activity to mimic the case when being at rest or doing sports.

Quick access

Original Version DOI (at publishers web site)
Authors' Version PDF (PDF on this web site)
BibTeX BibTeX


Jorge Torres Gómez
Jorge Luis González Rios
Falko Dressler

BibTeX reference

    author = {Torres G{\'{o}}mez, Jorge and Gonz{\'{a}}lez Rios, Jorge Luis and Dressler, Falko},
    doi = {10.1016/j.nancom.2024.100499},
    title = {{Electric Circuit Representation of the Human Circulatory System to Estimate the Position of Nanosensors in Vessels}},
    pages = {100499},
    journal = {Elsevier Nano Communication Networks},
    issn = {1878-7789},
    publisher = {Elsevier},
    month = {7},
    volume = {40},
    year = {2024},

Copyright notice

Links to final or draft versions of papers are presented here to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted or distributed for commercial purposes without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have IEEE copyrights: Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.

The following applies to all papers listed above that are in submission to IEEE conference/workshop proceedings or journals: This work has been submitted to the IEEE for possible publication. Copyright may be transferred without notice, after which this version may no longer be accessible.

The following applies to all papers listed above that have ACM copyrights: ACM COPYRIGHT NOTICE. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept., ACM, Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or

The following applies to all SpringerLink papers listed above that have Springer Science+Business Media copyrights: The original publication is available at

This page was automatically generated using BibDB and bib2web.