RADCOM-HETNET - Integration of Radar-based Communication in Heterogeneous Vehicular Networks for Cooperatively Interacting Cars

Institutions

  • TU Berlin
  • FAU Erlangen

Team @ TKN

Funding

  • DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)

Project Time

  • 10/2018 - 12/2020

Description

Cooperative interacting vehicles require mutual coordination and communication between traffic participants, e.g., for realizing cooperative awareness and cooperative trajectory and maneuver planning. As a basis, the IEEE 802.11p communication protocol has been standardized. A fundamental problem for several applications, however, is the shared use of the radio channel (or even multiple radio channels) for a multitude of applications. It has been shown in the literature that the use of shared radio channels for safety-relevant and real-time applications is a problematic issue. We address this problem using platooning and intersection management as sample applications in our proposal. In consequence, new methods are required for realizing time-critical cooperative interaction between vehicles relying on the real-time exchange of sensor information across several vehicles using a secure channel. Furthermore, this communication channel needs to be realized in a technologically attractive way.

In the scope of the proposed research project RADCOM-HETNET we address this challenge by using automotive radar sensors as available in today’s vehicles for simultaneous ranging and communication (RADCOM). We particularly focus on the realization of a reliable channel that supports real-time communication. Here, we use the properties of novel spread-spectrum radar systems operating in the 77-81 GHz automotive radar frequency bands. These radar systems are very attractive for automotive applications from a technological viewpoint and offer the potential for simultaneous data transmission. In the framework of an interdisciplinary and integrative approach, we examine the communication-theoretic and technological realization of such a RADCOM system, its integration into a heterogeneous vehicular network (HETNET), as well as the cooperative interaction of vehicles based on the RADCOM-HETNET approach for the application scenarios platooning and intersection management. Our novel heterogeneous approach allows to exploit synergies between the complementary communication technologies and hence to efficiently address the challenges of network monitoring, user synchronization, and vehicle coordination.

In the proposed research project, we start by realizing a holistic, modular, and integrative simulation environment, allowing to continuously evaluating the influence of each module, even down to the influence of the automotive radar antennas and electromagnetic propagation, onto the overall system and the addressed applications platooning and intersection management during the project duration. Based on this simulation environment, we then investigate and research the sub-modules necessary for enabling RADCOM, for its integration into a heterogeneous inter-vehicle communication network, and for implementing novel cooperative vehicular interaction based on RADCOM-HETNETs.

Open Measurement Data

Selected Publications

  1. Maximilian Lübke, Jonas Fuchs, Anand Dubey, Hussein Hamoud, Falko Dressler, Robert Weigel and Fabian Lurz, "Validation and Analysis of the Propagation Channel at 60 GHz for Vehicular Communication," Proceedings of 94th IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2021-Fall), Virtual Conference, September 2021. (to appear) [BibTeX, Details...]
  2. Florian Klingler, Max Schettler, Sigrid Dimce, Muhammad Sohaib Amjad and Falko Dressler, "mmWave on the Road – Field Testing IEEE 802.11ad WLAN at 60 GHz," Proceedings of 40th IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (INFOCOM 2021), Poster Session, Virtual Conference, May 2021. [BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  3. Maximilian Lübke, Sigrid Dimce, Max Schettler, Fabian Lurz, Robert Weigel and Falko Dressler, "Comparing mmWave Channel Simulators in Vehicular Environments," Proceedings of 93rd IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC 2021-Spring), Virtual Conference, April 2021. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  4. Sigrid Dimce, Muhammad Sohaib Amjad and Falko Dressler, "mmWave on the Road: Investigating the Weather Impact on 60 GHz V2X Communication Channels," Proceedings of 16th IEEE/IFIP Conference on Wireless On demand Network Systems and Services (WONS 2021), Virtual Conference, March 2021. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  5. Max Schettler, Dominik S. Buse, Anatolij Zubow and Falko Dressler, "How to Train your ITS? Integrating Machine Learning with Vehicular Network Simulation," Proceedings of 12th IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2020), Virtual Conference, December 2020. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  6. Muhammad Sohaib Amjad, Max Schettler, Sigrid Dimce and Falko Dressler, "Inband Full-Duplex Relaying for RADCOM-based Cooperative Driving," Proceedings of 12th IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2020), Virtual Conference, December 2020. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  7. Max Schettler, Agon Memedi and Falko Dressler, "The Chosen One: Combating VLC Interference in Platooning using Matrix Headlights," Proceedings of 11th IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2019), Los Angeles, CA, December 2019, pp. 56–59. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  8. Muhammad Sohaib Amjad, Tobias Hardes, Max Schettler, Christoph Sommer and Falko Dressler, "Using Full Duplex Relaying to Reduce Physical Layer Latency in Platooning," Proceedings of 11th IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference (VNC 2019), Los Angeles, CA, December 2019, pp. 236–239. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]
  9. Max Schettler, Agon Memedi and Falko Dressler, "Deeply Integrating Visible Light and Radio Communication for Ultra-High Reliable Platooning," Proceedings of 15th IEEE/IFIP Conference on Wireless On demand Network Systems and Services (WONS 2019), Wengen, Switzerland, January 2019, pp. 36–43. [DOI, BibTeX, PDF and Details...]