NaBoCom: Connecting in-body nano communication with body area networks

Institutions

  • Paderborn University
  • University of Lübeck

Team @ CCS

Funding

  • DFG (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)

Project Time

  • 05/2019 - 04/2021

Description

Research and development on sensor networks and body area networks has gained increased maturity in recent years. Yet, in-body nanonetworks built from nanodevices represent a new and fascinating direction of research, extending upon and going well beyond sensor networks. The vision of these networks is that nanodevices (nanoscale devices), for example, patrol the body, take measurements wherever necessary, and send collected data to the outside. Even better, these machines may immediately work on problems they detect within the body, such as cancer cells, arteriosclerosis, or HI viruses. While the in-body nanonetwork research community is still young, a number of concepts has already been presented on how to organize the communication in such networks. Even though these have not been realized in large-scale experiments or applications yet, it now makes sense to start research in a broader spectrum, looking both at techniques to bring nano communications to the real world and at further aspects such as higher-level protocols, algorithmic issues, as well as applications. In this proposal, we are looking at biomedical applications with a focus on the necessary integration of in-body nano communication with out-of-body IT infrastructures, resulting in the so-called Internet of Nano Things (IoNT). It has three major objectives: First, as a technical base for further research, we plan to design a reference architecture for the IoNT, specifically looking at connecting in-body nanonetworks to body area networks and further IT infrastructures. Secondly, we want to achieve first research results focusing on important base technologies for IoNT, particularly naming and addressing, reliability and real-time capabilities, and finally localization. Finally, since real-world experimentation in nano communication is still far from becoming reality, but we still need to evaluate our results (and those of others), we will develop a simulator, which allows to simulate numerous scenarios including body area networks and in-body nanonetworks. We explicitly focus our ambitions on more abstract problems, which greatly benefit from previous works in computer science and networking rather than reinventing signal processing.

Selected Publications